Experts fear that if Indonesia again hit by a tsunami, that the end of the Javan rhino. The only survivors of the endangered species all live in a natural park in the shadow of the Anak Krakatau volcano.
Ever roamed through the jungles of South-East Asia and India, but today there are only 67 of Javan rhinos. They all live in Ujung Kulon, a national park on the Indonesian island of Java, Anak Krakatau-volcano houses.
Eruptions of the volcano led to last weekend to a tsunami that 430 people killed. Also, the park was affected: two employees were killed and a number of buildings and ships was destroyed. The rhinos knew of the disaster to escape: the animals live mainly along the south coast, while the tsunami last weekend, especially the north coast hit.
‘If we get these rhinos lose, we lose the entire species’
But the volcano remains very active, which experts fear a new tsunami in the region. If this time the south coast will be affected, it looks very bad for the Javan rhino, the most endangered of the five neushoornsoorten in the world.
The Javan rhino, which has a shoulder height of up to 170 centimeters, can reach about 1,400 pounds, has mainly had to contend with poachers and with the fact that its habitat is destroyed for agriculture. ‘There are no Javan rhinos in captivity, ” says Nicola Loweth of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). In Ujung Kulon are the last of their kind. If there is a new tsunami coming, we lose probably a full species.’