10 Questions

The chicken is a tijdsicoon

1067ef2a8c782633cfd6c9fd228af138 - The chicken is a tijdsicoon

If archaeologists thousands of years to go digging, what find will the time in which we now live than the most typical? The kippenbotje!

The year is 20.518. The Indiana Jones of service, sticks his spade in the ground in search of remains from the early anthropocene – the geological era that began with the industrial revolution and man …

The year is 20.518. The Indiana Jones of service, sticks his spade in the ground in search of remains from the early anthropocene – the geological era that began with the industrial revolution and the man the dominant species on the planet.

What are the iconic tracks of that seizure will be our 206de-century archaeologist find? It would be the radioactive layer may be that in the fifties of the twentieth century over the whole of the earth was laid, as a result of the nuclear tests in that time. Or the sudden doubling of the nitrogen and phosphorus content in the soil, since the introduction of the fertilizer. The strips of tarmac that criss-cross the bottom walk. Huge heaps, dominated by aluminium cans, rubber tyres, glass bottles and plastics.

All valid candidates that the start of the anthropocene can be marked, according to archaeologists from the university of Leicester. But if there is one discovery still iconischer the enormous impact that the twentieth-century man on his environment, has had, or the explosive growth of the vleeskippenindustrie. Anywhere where Indiana Jones will soon be the ground omwoelt, fossil kippenbotjes lie upon him to wait, predict the scientists in the Royal Society Open Science.

Four broilers per earthling

Today the earth at any moment some 23 billion broilers – almost four per earthling. That are in six to seven weeks of fattening and sex – laying hens live a little longer: about a year. By that time we will already 23 billion new chicken on the way are to be converted into 46 billion, fillets, wings, and buttocks.

Large producers like Tyson Foods in the U.S. slaughter weekly tens of millions of chickens. And the consumption follows, judging from the sales figures that a fast-food outlet like Kentucky Fried Chicken (with more than 25.500 restaurants in 125 countries) may be present.

Worldwide eat people increasingly chicken – only pork is still often eaten, but it won’t be long for that beast by the chicken is overtaken. The vleeskip is by far the most common bird on earth, who all other poultry but also wild birds.

In the nature would plofkip not survive

Since the fifties of the previous century, the kippenindustrie a huge flight taken. By human intervention it is the weight of a slachtkip a fivefold increase, say the researchers. By crossing his fast-growing varieties are created which are the fastest growers – also called quick-fattening broiler chickens called – in about five weeks, from small chick to a vleeshomp of two pounds.

Because of that rapid growth, especially in the muscles of the chest and the thighs are playing, pay for the chickens themselves there is a heavy price for: botziektes, paralysis and balance disorders in the industry, warp and weft. In nature, it might vleeskip not even be able to survive, say the researchers: he has the human being need to concentrate, to give and to take care of in kweekbatterijen with an ideal temperature and humidity.

All in all, it delivers every year more than one hundred billion kippenkarkassen on, their fossil traces will fail on the earth. The Indiana Jones in the future kippenbotten excavates at archaeological sites, and compare, will not be able to escape, the British archaeologists, that from 1950, a sharp increase in the number of fossilized kippenbotten and an equally large increase in the size of those bones, in line with the increased growth of the broilers. Move on, therefore, radioactive layers, manure surpluses and heaps of all kinds: the archaeological signature of the industrialized world is the fossilized drumstick.

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