BANGKOK – Thousands of women from Myanmar are traded to men in China for a forced marriage and childbearing.
The women from Myanmar are forced to have children with Chinese men. China conducted for many years a eenkindpolitiek and as a result there are 34 million more men than women in the country.
According to research from the American Johns Hopkins university and the ngo Kachin Women’s Association Thailand had an estimated of 7,500 women and girls against their will to marry, and more than 5,000 were forced to have children with their Chinese spouse.
Four hundred women in forty different places in Myanmar and China, were questioned for the research. They were all from four districts in the northern länder, Kachin and Shan, where decades-long armed conflict between rebels of the ethnic minorities and the army of Myanmar.
China conducted for many years a eenkindpolitiek and as a result there are 34 million more men than women in the country. This inequality is driving the trade in brides from neighbouring countries.
The women in their villages are contacted by traffickers who give them a job in China that promise. They cross then the border illegal. “The women usually do not know that they against their will will have to marry a Chinese man,” said Moon Nay Li of the Kachin Women’s Association. “Flights, many women across the border, away from the fighting and poverty, to survive. That drives them into the arms of traffickers in China.”
Chinese men pay on average 5,000 to 20,000 yuan (converted 640 to 2.620 euros) per female and up to 35,000 euro for a young bride, some of whom multiple times to be sold. Many are not registered and have no identity.
“One of the women we interviewed was three times traded. They lived in a family with four men and don’t know who the father of her child is.”
The researchers conclude that there are likely many more victims of trafficking outside of the area that they investigated. Also from Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, women under false pretenses to China lured.