In northern Israel archaeologists have found a site discovered which they believe to be the oldest for the production of alcohol in the world.
The Natufiërs, a semisedentair people, used approximately 13,000 years ago at the funeral rites a beverage very similar to beer. The site is located in the cave Raqefet, south of the port city of Haifa. “We know what the Natufiërs did in this cave,” says professor of archaeology Dani Nadel. “They buried some of their dead on a platform full of flowers and plants, and made a gealcoholiseerde drink.’
According to the archaeologist was the drink or something totally different than our current beer. There was much less alcohol, but the drink was fermented. The scientists took three small cups to the surface. Two were evidently to grain in store, the third to the grain to fermentation.
‘The place where the cups were located, suggests that the production of this drink was connected with rituals or other forms of social activities’, said Dani Nadel.
The archaeologists think that they have to do with the oldest testimony of the production of any type of alcohol in the world’.
The Natufiërs lived at the time of the transition from a lifestyle of hunter-gatherers to that of farmers with a permanent place of residence in the region of the east of the Mediterranean Sea. The found traces of beer brewing occurred thousands of years before the beginning of the cultivation of cereals in the Near East.