In France, you know, hundreds of bridges in such a poor state of maintenance, that was about to collapse threatens. The French government has, therefore, a large-scale redevelopment plan proposed. Also in Germany show a lot of bridges defects.
The French government manages to 12,000 bridges in the country. In 7 percent of the cases, it is the state of the bridge so badly, that, in time, the danger of collapse exists”, says the Ministry of Transport. Translated, it goes to 840 potentially life-threatening bridges, scattered all over France. ‘The chance is great that these preventive to be closed to lorries, or even for all the traffic.’
According to the ministry, there are at almost 4,000 bridges defects found. But that would be relatively simple repairs recovery worden.De figures come from a report that last month was presented by the French government, but which was then scarcely been noticed. Due to the disaster in Genoa, the French figures are now well in the limelight.
In recent years, the French government an average of 666 million per year to the maintenance of roads and bridges. ‘That is too little and inevitably leads to increased danger for the users, ” says the Ministry of Transport. ‘If nothing extra is done, created unacceptable risks.’
This year was 800 million has been earmarked for maintenance of public roads and bridges that are managed by the government. From next year, is that 1 billion a year, promised minister Elisabeth Borne.
Also in Germany there are problems
Of the nearly 40,000 bridges on motorways and other federal roads in Germany, has a 12.4 percent serious defects, appeared recently from the data of the Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt), which Der Spiegel uitvlooide. That is almost a bridge on eight. As many bridges are in good condition. The 75% of other bridges are of mediocre quality, they will within a short time, also repairs are necessary.
The best-known example of a decay site of the bridge is not far from our country: it is the Rheinbrücke from Cologne to Leverkusen, which, through the busy A1 motorway daily to 120,000 cars pass by. Truck traffic should be there already long not more. For cars is for safety reasons, the road narrowed and the speed limits, often with large files as a result. It will be another six years before the bridge is replaced by an other, meanwhile, continues to make do.
The condition of the bridges is particularly problematic in the ‘old’ federal states, the former West Germany. There is the half of the bridges built before 1980, and almost forty years of age or older. In the ‘new’ länder, the former GDR, are a lot of bridges replaced in the nineties and early this century, after the German unification.
Cargo traffic and investments
Other than age, is also the greatly increased truck traffic is a major cause of the wear. Engineers suggest now, as a result of the collapse of the bridge in Genoa, also, that almost all of the bridges in concrete construction, therefore the wear is only at a late stage to be visible.
A last factor, finally, is that the German government has for many years far too little has invested in the repair and replacement of the bridges. During the elections last year was a catch-up bet, but now it seems there is a shortage of engineers to do all the problems quickly to solve them, wrote Der Spiegel in July already.
And then we have not even talked about the railways. Of the 25,000 spoorwegbruggen that Germany is rich, there is 9,000 more than a hundred years old. More than a thousand that there were, in 2014, according to a survey by die Zeit as very to to that recovery and rehabilitation are more expensive would fail than the construction of a new bridge. The rail company Deutsche Bahn has a few years ago, money received from the federal government to build bridges to reorganise and to replace it, but the work can hardly keep up.