European migratieakkoord lost not everything on

859b454363daaa77f2ecad78e552deae - European migratieakkoord lost not everything on

Nine hours did the EU leaders about an agreement on immigration from the fire to drag. Nevertheless, it is still too early to say that the disagreements among the 28 of the job. That gave Merkel.

1. Why did it take so long to reach an agreement among the 28?

The 28 EU leaders, came up with opposing views and interests to the European top. Everyone agreed that the cooperation …

1. Why did it take so long to reach an agreement among the 28?

The 28 EU leaders, came up with opposing views and interests to the European top. Everyone agreed that the cooperation with the countries of Africa needed to be increased, in order to prevent that there are still large numbers of migrants leave in the direction of Europe. Therefore will start negotiations with African countries on the development of ‘regional ontschepingsplatforms’. Migrants at sea to be saved, will be brought back to the refugee centers, where the selection will be done between economic migrants and refugees. The EU will also support the Libyan coast guard to step up and finally get the promised 500 million euros for the Trust fund for Africa lay on the table.

But prime minister Giuseppe Conte, also wanted assurances about greater European solidarity for the reception of those migrants who still risk the crossing and in Italy arrive – that ontschepingsplatforms be a work of long breath. To Italy to relieve and Conte to meet, will, therefore, also in EU-countries ‘controlled centres’ to be built. Because a group of member states under the leadership of Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban does not want to know of mandatory solidarity, this will happen on a voluntary basis.

2. What are those ‘controlled centers ” exactly?

Very clear that the text is remarkably vague and deliberately ambiguous, is to hear. The comparison is made with the hotspots in Greece: migrants on boats, which is now generally in Italy, to moor, to which centres can be transferred.

The word ‘controlled’ should make clear that it is not closed centres. In those centres, the migrants quickly be selected and economic migrants will hence be reduced to a safe third country or their country of origin. For refugees ‘will the principle of solidarity’ – they will spread.

But once or twice in the conscious section that everything is on a voluntary basis will happen. And those appointments do not detract from the basic principle of the dublin regulation that the EU country where the migrant foot on land, is responsible for the asylum application. Conte had thereupon insisted, but had bakzeil. Or there are already countries have committed to such a centre to be accommodated is unclear.

3. Is the fate of Angela Merkel saved?

The top was vital for the stability of the German government and the political career of chancellor Merkel. Her Interior minister, Horst Seehofer, demanded concrete results at the European summit to have a brake on what the CSU’there ‘asieltoerisme’ refers to migrants who are registered in a frontlijnstaat but still travel to Germany.

Of the 12 paragraphs in the final conclusions about migration, there is only one dedicated to that ‘secondary movements’. The member states will take all necessary measures to counter this, there is. But for the time being, nothing indicates that Conte promised that Italy, that ‘asielshoppers’ also will take back, such as Seehofer wants. Merkel went out Friday morning that there are still differences remain between the member states that are bypassed will need to be.

The question thus remains open whether this European agreement will be sufficient for the Bavarian CSU for no border checks in from Monday. Certainly, Merkel reinforced return from Brussels, having regard to the broad support that they received. The prime minister of Luxemburg, Xavier Bettel was strictly for the CSU: “It can’t be that somewhere, a Bavarian party will decide how Europe operates.’

4. Is everything now fixed?

No so. The distance between paper agreements in Brussels and the implementation on the ground is often very large in the European Union.

The idea of centres in Africa, certainly since the migratiecrisis in 2015, but they could not yet be performed, due to lack of cooperation from African countries who fear a knock-on effect.

It is also to be seen how many member states are prepared to effectively Italy to help with that ‘controlled centres. ‘Let the concrete commitments wait and see’, responded to Matteo Salvini, the Italian Interior minister and strong man in the government. He keep clearly in mind that Conte with a huddled in the reeds is sent.

The EU leaders slide in addition, the reform of the dublin regulation once again. An agreement must be there as fast as possible. But that was also already in 2016, it said, and everything should be on this top to be completed. A new deadline, wanted to many member states do not know.

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