The Czech director Miloš Forman is Friday at the age of 86 died. He was known for with films such as One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Amadeus and The People vs. Larry Flynt and the musical Hair. He won twice an Oscar for best director. He was a short time ill, left his wife Saturday to the Czech news agency CTK.
Archive photo from 2010.
Forman grew in 1932 in Caslav, east of Prague in the former Czechoslovakia, in the family of a protestant professor and a hotelhoudster. The nazis arrested his father, because he is banned books spread and deporteerden him to the concentration camp Buchenwald, where he died in 1944. His mother was a year before that in Auschwitz died. Later discovered Forman that is not the professor, but a Jewish architect, his biological father was.
The urge for freedom and a dislike of authority is a common theme in the work of the Czech-American director Milos Forman. The ultimate example of this is Randle McMurphy in One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1975), the prisoner in a mental asylum who turns against nurse Mildred Ratched at him with a firm hand her will is trying to impose.
But also the Spanish painter Francisco Goya, the pornoproducent Larry Flint and the young people in the musical Hair are outsiders to whom Forman a movie devoted.
The work of Forman is not large, but some of his works are considered to be among the most important in the history of cinema. For One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest, he got the five most important Oscars. Only two other titles in the history, also received the statuettes for best film, director, male lead (Jack Nicholson), best female lead (Louise Fletcher) and screenplay. Also Amadeus (1984), about the rivalry between the composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Antonio Salieri, was very successful. The film gained eight academy awards, including best film and best director.
Forman studied at the film academy in Prague, and made a number of comedies of which Lasky jedne plavovlasky (in English Loves of a Blonde, 1964) and Hori, ma panenko (The Fireman’s Ball, 1967) the most. That last work, Formans first film in color, was nominated for the Oscar for best non-English film.
When the troops of the warsaw pact in August 1968 put an end to the Prague Spring, were, was Forman in Paris. He decided not to return to his country, but emigrated to the USA. His first film was Taking Off (1971), about the quest of parents to their run away from home daughter. One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest made him world famous.