Fifty years after the death of civil rights advocate Martin Luther King Jr. the United States still plagued by divisions. The laws that segregation on the basis of color or race allowed to exist for decades, but whites and blacks live in many American cities still in different districts, in different living conditions.
‘This is America’, according to professor Andre Johnson of the University of Memphis. Reasons for the inequality he mentions a hidden racism and the ongoing need for blacks to continue to fight against discrimination and prejudice. “As long as we keep fighting, there is hope that future generations do not have the business will have to talk about which, today, we will talk.’
“You can go to any statistics, look, black people end up becoming below,” says Johnson. So is the gap between the unemployment rate for blacks and whites in the last years decreased, but the percentage remains at the Afro-Americans still 3 percentage points higher. Blacks have a significantly lower family income, and while nearly 90 percent of the white teenagers a high school diploma, is that of their black peers only 75 percent. Thirty-five percent of the prisoners in the US are blacks, while only 13 percent of the U.s. population.
Geschiedenisprofessor at the university of New Hampshire Jason Sokol confirms that there has been progress in the last decades, but the inequality persists, ” certainly if you look at the poverty of the blacks, the number of blacks that are locked up in the prison and the issues surrounding police brutality’.
‘Although the attitude of people toward racial issues has changed is the racism within the structures of the institutions and of the united states has not really changed”, sounds the yet.
The aggressive election campaign of Donald Trump and his election as president, has the rassenkwestie even additional in the spotlight. As demanded Trump of former president Barack Obama that his birth certificate published to show that he is not in Kenya was born, gave the president criticism on the removal of statues of soldiers and generals during the American civil war (1861-1865) fought for the confederate states, and garnered him a storm of criticism when he refused to the actions of neo-nazis to condemn. And also very strict immigration policy, including the construction of the wall along the American-Mexican border, heated tempers.
A recent survey by AP and NORC Center for Public Affairs which The Independent’s message, moreover, it appears that white and black Americans a different picture of the disappearance of the segregation. So finds just one in ten African-Americans in the U.S. the goals were of the ‘civil rights movement’. A third (65 percent) of the black respondents said that the relations between the various races in the country in the last year deteriorated compared to 45 percent of the white respondents.
It is striking, moreover, that more than half of the white respondents think that there has been much progress in reducing the segregation in the daily life, as compared to a quarter of the Afro-Americans. On the question of whether improvement is noticeable in the equal representation of whites and blacks in the media and politics, found 40 percent of whites and 15 percent of the blacks that that is the case.
“I have a dream’
Yet the dream of King is not dead yet, says the author of the book America in the King years Taylor Branch. “He talked about the whole world, not just the blacks, and in many ways his wildest dreams come true,” he says, referring to the marriage for everyone, a black president in the US and women’s rights.
Also is the legacy of King is included in the ‘Black Lives Matter’movement, and ‘March for our lives, ” that is created in a reaction to the gun violence in the US. During the great march in Washington on march 25, took the 9-year-old granddaughter of the King, Yolanda Renee, still the word. “I have a dream in which too much is too much. There would be no weapons may be in the world.’