Stephen Hawking, for years, confined to a wheelchair and dependent on his voice computer to communicate, has his whole life dedicated to unraveling the secrets of the universe, and the popularizing astrophysics. “This universe would be little worth if it is not the people, the inns of which we love,” he wrote once. The Brit passed away today at the age of 76.
“I am sure that my disability has contributed to my renown. The people are fascinated by the contrast between my physical capabilities and the extremely wide nature of the universe that I study,” said Hawking himself. He was one of the greatest scientists of our time. Hawking was on January 8, 1942 born, to the day 300 years after the death of astronomer Galileo Galilei. His father, himself a biologist, hoped that his son’s medicine would go to study in Oxford. The young Stephen, however, was early bitten by the math, but eventually chose physics because he is in Oxford no mathematics could study. Three years later he moved to Cambridge to astronomy to study.
Shortly after his 21st birthday, Stephen, to hear that he is suffering from the muscle disease ALS. Doctors give him only two years, making him even his doctoral thesis was not able to finish. Hawking ended up being in a heavy depression, which he helped by his future wife, a student of linguistics Jane Wanted, to top came. The two were married in 1965, had three children and went, 30 years later, from each other. The marriage with his second wife, Elaine Mason, ran in 2006 after eleven years.
Hawking degenerates visibly deteriorating due to his illness, and from 1974, he is no longer able to feed themselves or himself out of his bed. In 1985, he loses his voice permanently, after he by a pneumonia, a tracheotomy sets. His mental capacities remain intact. And his goal is simple: “the universe fully understand, to know why he is how he is and why he exists”.
In the seventies of the last century, he develops the idea that black holes not only all matter and light absorbing that in their area, but also a radiation emitting, that “Hawkingstraling” will be baptized. He is the first who has ventured to the Holy Grail of the physicists, by the two major theories behind the functioning of the universe explain, to connect: to the theory of relativity of Albert Einstein for the infinitely large and the quantum theory for the infinitely small.
“Although my discovery explains why black holes thermal radiation issue, she came as a total surprise. I thought that I probably had made a mistake”, wrote Hawking in his autobiography, which in 2013 was published. In 1988, he published his famous work “A brief history in time”, in which he to the public at large the principles of cosmology, the Big Bang and the string theory explains. Hawking is emerging as the figure of the popularization of science. Of the work were already 9 million copies sold and is the most widely read popular science book.
Hawking kicking it with his strong communication skills and humor to become a true celebrity, with more than 4 million followers on Facebook, and appearances in television series such as “Star Trek,” “The Big Bang Theory” and “The Simpsons”. In the film “A theory of everything” (2014) is Hawking played by Eddy Redmayne. He also received numerous awards, including the prize of the Order of the British Empire, which he in 1982 and received the Queen Elisabeth II. The Nobel prize he never. According to scientists he had probably received if his theory around black holes experimental could prove.